SATIVA VS INDICA AND HYBRIDSDamian Marc
Profound value and beauty of cannabis is that triggers such a variety of body/mind effects, and picking between different strains of weed, enables us to precisely choose how we are going to orchestrate our mood. The difference between Indica and Sativa plant origin, morphology and general effects are factual but as most of the plants today are a Hybrids strains, it is quite difficult to locate pure Indica or Sativa strains. Here is some data about what is hybrid plant and of different types of weed we can provide for your enjoyment.
As the prohibition against the cannabis falls all over the world, and understanding about its health benefits spreads, demand for different types of weed has grown immensely. Out of two main cannabis sorts: Indica and Sativa, a myriad of their varieties – Hybrids have emerged. But let us start from the beginning….
Cannabis originated in Asia, where it was subject to early domestication by the ancient nomadic tribes. They used it for fiber, but also as food. Opening of trade waterways lead to its spreading into other parts of the world. At the time, it was thought that only one sort of Cannabis exists.
SATIVA VS INDICA
Distinction between two different types of weed was first introduced by French biologist Jean Baptiste Lamarck in 1785. He distinguished Cannabis Sativa originating from South Eastern Asia, and Cannabis Indica from South/Central Asian mountain ranges.
Cannabis Sativa is grown mostly in Sub Tropical parts of the world in Central and South America Africa and South East Asia. It is higher in growth (up to 3.5 meters) and has longer flowering period.
Cannabis Indica, adapted to the harsher climate conditions has shorter flowering conditions, grows bushy, with broader leafs than Sativa. As more abundant in mass it is more convenient for industrial and indoor cultivation.
It is generally considered that Sativa strains create euphoric, energetic and uplifting mood.
This is the case with popular Sativa strains such as: Trainwreck and Pineapple Express famous for its adrenaline rush, and creativity impulse.
Other Sativa strains like Green Crack, Durban Poison create uplifting feeling, induce active and extrovert behavior. In a word, Sativa strains belong to a group of so called “day time weed” prompting socialization and connectedness. This is the case with some other universally loved Sativa strains such as: ATF, and Sativa Bland.
Indica strains such as Blue Cheese, or Granddaddy Purple will disperse anxiety, deliver calmness and body relaxation. Other, well known Indica strains like Banana Kush, Tahoe OG, or Indica Bland produce feeling of serenity, bodily bliss and relaxation, with more accented introspection and self reflection focus.
The difference between Indica and Sativa plant origin, morphology and general effects are factual, but still they are mainly useful for breeders and farmers. Therefore they should be taken as background information, not a strict distinction. Moreover, most of the plants today are a mixture of the two sorts and it is very difficult to locate pure Indica or Sativa strains.
This is why, above mentioned Sativa vs Indica active/passive, extrovert/introvert – dichotomy should not be taken in absolute terms.
One of the profound values of cannabis is that triggers such a variety of body/mind effects, and picking between different plants, enables us to precisely choose how we are going to orchestrate our mood.
By mixing two main sorts of cannabis numerous hybrid strains have been created. This was done to get more balanced and precise effects of the plants for the consumers, but also to better the farming efficiency.
For this reason, knowing exactly what you want from your weed means a lot, as most of the strains in the market today are hybrids. Many of the commercial hybrids are marked as Indica or Sativa dominated, indicating that they carry the majority characteristics of dominant sort and less of the secondary one.
Indica dominated strains like Sunset Sherbet gives intense full body effect, followed by euphoria.
Others like Gorilla Glue – an award winning Indica dominated hybrid will bring full body relaxation while strawberry scented Strawnana has been proven as superb help in pain management. Gelato strain and sweet-sour, earthy flavored Chery Pie both slightly Indica dominated bring deep calm followed by the mild euphoria.
On the other side, potent Sativa-dominant hybrids like Super Lemon Haze, Goji OG or Super Sour Diesel are excellent choices for day time use, extremely efficient for mood enhancement and as anti depressants.
Powerful Lemon Skunk Sativa dominated hybrid is great for treatment of depression and chronic pain. Others, like WiFi OG, SVF OG, or Tangie are superb incentives of creativity with clear head, focus coupled with abundant energy flow.
It is important to remember that each hybrid strain has slightly different constituent ratio and thus, delivers slightly different effects, depending also on a person’s individual bio-chemistry.
DIFFERENT SORTS OF WEED
Over the years, breeders have selected and crossed different sorts of weed, and been quite successful in creating strains with characteristics having “the best of both worlds”. This goes in particular for most of medical cannabis.
These hybrid strains have been developed purposely to deliver balanced effect, making them adequate for day to day consumption.
There are also so called true hybrids created as equal combination of Indica and Sativa. One of them is the Dog Walker OG hybrid bringing full body relaxation of Indica combined with focus of Sativa in rich earthy woody, pine flavor.
In class of true hybrids we find also the praised stress crushers like OG Kush, and Blue Dream, by far most popular anti depression strain, Cheery Pie and Clementine, universally loved for their energizing and uplifting effects.
Patients using ACDC hybrid strain for anxiety management and pain relief, report it has no affect on their daily motor abilities and social skills.
True hybrids like XJ-13- light weight but still potent and effective make a good choice for debutants still in the process of experimenting, and searching for the best strain.
However, before jumping to conclusions about what Cannabis variety will prepare you better for a thrilling party, or peaceful night at home, it is wise to consider some more facts.
For one that that general difference between effects of Sativa and Indica is also parallel to the distinction between effects of two major active constituents of the cannabis plant: THC and CBD.
TERPENES – THE SECRET INGREDIENT
Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is the prime psychoactive constituent of Cannabis, creating the high feeling or euphoria, offering pain relief and drive for increased socialization coupled with elevating appetite. Cannabidiol or CBD on the other side, induces relaxation, has anti inflammatory effects followed by the decreased appetite.
Knowing the THC / CBD ratio in the plants is essential. It is popular conception that Sativa plants are known for the high levels of THC in the upper parts of the plant, particularly flowers, while Indica strains should provide high quantities of CBD oil from seeds. But it is also possible to have Indica plants which are abundant in THC, and still have powerful sedating effects.
In addition, there are hundreds of other active compounds in Cannabis apart from cannabinoids, such as terpenes. While Cannabinoids affect our Endocannabinoid system, terpenes create the recognizable aroma of the plant, but hat is not all they do.
According to recent findings some of the medical effects of the plant are created only in synergy. So terpenes also have important role in both personal experience and medical effects.
One of the key terms regarding the effects of terpenes is the entourage effect. It is used to describe mutual influence of terpenes, cannabinoids and other phyto-chemicals produced by the plant and synergy effect it creates.
This mutual interdependence creates additional health beneficial effects supported by various terpenes like Pinene, Linalool, Limonene, Caryophyllene, and many others. They all carry distinct flavor but also deliver potent psycho-physical effects.
For example terpenes such as Limonene and Mycerine in praised Girl Scout Cookies (GSC) strain bring its sweet and earthy aroma but also deliver prompt euphoric feeling inciting alertness and creativity. Orange Cookies strain, a flavor packed hybrid of GSC, will create great cerebral buzz with help of of terpene Caryophyllene.
Terpene Pinene, would induce euphoric uplifting mood, others like Myrcene and Linalool enhance body bliss feeling and relaxation.
Terpenes also show a number of remedial properties when applied individually, while additionally supporting the effects of the cannabinoids
Medical research has proven that THC by itself has the strong energy impact. In the same time some Indica plants can have larger quantity of THC than Sativa and still induce relaxation effect. It is exactly the work of terpenes that reinforces the impact of cannabinoids.
So where does it leave us now?
NO DISPUTE IN TASTES
First we need to distinguish between the recreational, and medical use of Cannabis. Second is to realize that the subjective feeling is individual and connected to the state of persons Endocannabinoid system.
Not everybody is affected by Cannabis in the same way, as early findings of Raphael Mechoulam the pioneer of Cannabis research, indicated. Effects are results of plant constituents, but also of the condition of Endocannabinoid receptors, and individual biochemistry.
Knowing the plant background is useful mostly for farmers and scientists, but as consumers it is vise to move forward from Sativa Indica dichotomy. Knowing what to look for in the concrete data about the Cannabis product is much more useful.
Knowing the origin of your strains, their cannabinoids ratio and terpenes content which make a lot of their taste is a good start. Look for your body needs, but also for what you prefer in taste as, in the matters of taste there can be no dispute…
The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requires this disclaimer. We collected this information from various sources for the convenience of our customers. The Food and Drug Administration did not evaluate the statements regarding these products. FDA research did not confirm the efficacy of these products yet. These products are not to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. The information we present here is not a substitute for information from health care practitioners. It is also not an alternative to information from health care practitioners. Before using any product, you should consult your doctor and ask about the risk of interactions or complications.