Profound value and beauty of cannabis is that triggers such a variety of body/mind effects. Picking between different strains of weed enables us to precisely choose how we are going to orchestrate our mood. The difference between Indica and Sativa plant origin, morphology, and general effects are factual. But, most of the plants today are Hybrids strains. So, it is quite difficult to locate pure Indica or Sativa strains. Let’s explain what is a hybrid plant and of different types of weed, we can provide for your enjoyment.
As the prohibition against cannabis falls all over the world, the understanding of its health benefits spreads! The demand for different types of weed has grown immensely. Out of two main cannabis sorts: Indica and Sativa, a myriad of their varieties – Hybrids have emerged. But let us start from the beginning!
Cannabis originated in Asia, where it was subject to early domestication by the ancient nomadic tribes. They used it for fiber, but also as food. The opening of trade waterways leads to its spreading into other parts of the world. At the time, many thought that only one sort of Cannabis exists.
SATIVA VS INDICA
The distinction between two different types of weed was first introduced by French biologist Jean Baptiste Lamarck in 1785. He distinguished Cannabis Sativa originating from South-Eastern Asia and Cannabis Indica from South/Central Asian mountain ranges. Cannabis Sativa is grown mostly in Sub Tropical parts of the world in Central and South America Africa and South East Asia. It is higher in growth (up to 3.5 meters) and has a longer flowering period.
Cannabis Indica, adapted to the harsher climate conditions has shorter flowering conditions, grows bushy, with broader leaves than Sativa. As more abundant in mass, it is more convenient for industrial and indoor cultivation.
It is generally considered that Sativa strains create a euphoric, energetic, and uplifting moods.
This is the case with popular Sativa strains such as Trainwreck and Pineapple Express famous for its adrenaline rush, and creative impulse.
The best of Sativa vs Indica and hybrids
Other Sativa strains like Green Crack, Durban Poison create an uplifting feeling, induce active and extrovert behavior. In a word, Sativa strains belong to a group of so-called “day time weed” prompting socialization and connectedness. This is the case with some other universally loved Sativa strains such as ATF, and Sativa Bland.
Indica strains such as Blue Cheese, or Granddaddy Purple will disperse anxiety, deliver calmness and body relaxation. Other, well known Indica strains like Banana Kush, Tahoe OG, or Indica Bland produce a feeling of serenity, bodily bliss, and relaxation, with more accented introspection and self-reflection focus.
The difference between Sativa vs Indica and hybrids plant origin, morphology, and general effects are factual, but still, they are mainly useful for breeders and farmers. Therefore, one should take this as background information, not a strict distinction. Moreover, most of the plants today are a mixture of the two sorts and it is very difficult to locate pure Indica or Sativa strains.
This is why, above mentioned Sativa vs Indica and hybrids active/passive, extrovert/introvert – dichotomy is not absolute.
One of the profound values of Sativa vs Indica and hybrids is that triggers such a variety of body/mind effects, and picking between different plants, enables us to precisely choose how we are going to orchestrate our mood.
By mixing two main sorts of cannabis numerous hybrid strains have been created. The reason is to get more balanced and precise effects of the plants for the consumers. Also, it improved farming efficiency.
For this reason, knowing exactly what you want from your weed means a lot, as most of the strains in the market today are hybrids. Many of the commercial hybrids are marked as Indica or Sativa dominated, indicating that they carry the majority characteristics of dominant sort and less of the secondary one.
Full body effect and energy flow
Indica dominated strains like Sunset Sherbet gives intense full-body effect, followed by euphoria.
Others like Gorilla Glue – an award-winning Indica hybrid will bring full-body relaxation. Strawberry scented Strawnana has also been proving its amazing effects. Gelato strain and sweet-sour, earthy flavored Chery Pie both slightly Indica dominated bring deep calm followed by the mild euphoria.
On the other side, potent Sativa-dominant hybrids like Super Lemon Haze, Goji OG, or Super Sour Diesel are excellent choices for day time use, extremely efficient for mood enhancement.
Others, like WiFi OG, SVF OG, or Tangie are superb incentives of creativity with a clear head, focus coupled with abundant energy flow. It is important to remember that each hybrid strain has a slightly different constituent ratio and thus, delivers slightly different effects, depending also on a person’s individual biochemistry.
DIFFERENT SORTS OF WEED
Over the years, breeders have selected and crossed different sorts of weed, and been quite successful in creating strains with characteristics having “the best of both worlds”. This goes in particular for most of the medical cannabis.
These hybrid strains purposely deliver a balanced effect, being perfect for day to day consumption.
There are also so-called true hybrids created as an equal combination of Indica and Sativa. One of them is the Dog Walker OG hybrid. It brings full-body relaxation of Indica combined with the focus of Sativa in rich earthy woody, pine flavor.
Different active compounds
In a class of true hybrids, we find also the praised stress crushers like OG Kush and Blue Dream. Popular strains, Cheery Pie and Clementine are universally loved for their energizing and uplifting effects.
True hybrids like XJ-13- lightweight but still potent and effective make a good choice for debutants still in the process of experimenting and searching for the best strain.
Let’s not jump to conclusions about all Sativa vs Indica and hybrids varieties! And will they prepare you better for a thrilling party or peaceful night at home.
A general difference between Sativa and Indica is also parallel to the effects of two major active cannabis constituents: THC and CBD.
TERPENES – THE SECRET INGREDIENT
Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is the prime psychoactive constituent of Cannabis. It creates a high feeling or euphoria, offering a drive for increased socialization coupled with elevating appetite. Cannabidiol or CBD on the other side induces relaxation, followed by a decreased appetite.
Knowing the THC / CBD ratio in plants is essential. Sativa plants are famous for the high levels of THC in the upper parts of the plant, particularly flowers. Also, Indica strains should provide high quantities of CBD oil from seeds. But it is also possible to have Indica plants that are abundant in THC, and still have powerful sedating effects.
In addition, there are hundreds of other active compounds in Cannabis apart from cannabinoids, such as terpenes. While Cannabinoids affect our Endocannabinoid system, terpenes create the recognizable aroma of the plant. But, that is not all they do. According to recent findings, some of the medical effects of the plant are created only in synergy. So terpenes also have an important role in both personal experience and medical effects.
One of the key terms regarding the effects of terpenes is the entourage effect. It describes the mutual influence of terpenes, cannabinoids, and other phytochemicals produced by the plant and synergy effect it creates.
This mutual interdependence creates additional effects supported by various terpenes like Pinene, Linalool, Limonene, Caryophyllene, and many others. They all carry distinct flavor but also deliver potent psycho-physical effects.
For example terpenes such as Limonene and Mycerine in praised GSC strain bring its sweet and earthy aroma. But, it also delivers prompt euphoric feeling inciting alertness and creativity. Orange Cookies strain, a flavor-packed hybrid of GSC, will create a great cerebral buzz with the help of terpene Caryophyllene.
Terpene Pinene would induce euphoric uplifting mood. Others like Myrcene and Linalool enhance body bliss feeling and relaxation. Terpenes also show a number of remedial properties when applied individually! But they additionally support the effects of the cannabinoids.
THC by itself has a strong energy impact. In the same time, some Indica plants can have a larger quantity of THC than Sativa and still induce relaxation effect. It is exactly the work of terpenes that reinforces the impact of cannabinoids.
So where does it leave us now?
NO DISPUTE IN TASTES
First, we need to distinguish between the recreational, and medical use of Cannabis. Second is to realize that the subjective feeling is individual and connected to the state of persons Endocannabinoid system. Not everybody is affected by Cannabis in the same way. Early findings of Raphael Mechoulam the pioneer of Cannabis research, indicated just that. Effects are results of plant constituents, but also of the condition of Endocannabinoid receptors, and individual biochemistry.
Knowing the plant background is useful mostly for farmers and scientists. But as consumers, it is wise to move forward from Sativa Indica dichotomy. Knowing what to look for in the concrete data about the Cannabis product is much more useful. A good start is knowing the origin of your strains, their cannabinoids ratio, and terpenes content. Look for your body needs, but also for what you prefer in taste as in the matters of taste there can be no dispute.