Humulene an isomer of beta-caryophyllene and was first found in the essential oils of Humulus lupulus (hops), from which it was named. It is also a primary constituent in beer making.
Flavor / Aroma – “hoppy”
What are terps and why do they make a difference?
By now we know that the diverse palate of cannabis flavors is impressive enough, and the names are really cool, but arguably the most fascinating characteristic of terpenes is their ability to interact with other compounds in the plant, like cannabinoids, and for our purpose here we are talking CBD!
Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and every strain produces a unique terpene type and composition. The most fascinating characteristic of the family known as Terpene is their ability to interact synergistically with other compounds like cannabinoids, specifically cannabidiol – CBD.
Terpenes are fragrant essential oils secreted in differing concentrations in different cannabis strains alongside cannabinoids like CBD and THC. CBD and THC bind to cannabinoid receptors concentrated heavily in the body (CB2) and brain (CB1) respectively where non-psychoactive and psychoactive effects are produced.
Some terpenes also bind to these receptor sites and affect their chemical
output. Others can modify how much of each compound CBD and THC
pass through the blood-brain barrier. Their hand of influence is called the “entourage effect” and even reaches neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin by altering their rate of production and destruction, their movement, and the availability of receptors.
The effects these mechanisms produce vary from terpene to terpene; some are especially successful in relieving stress, while others promote focus and acuity.