what are cannabinoids

What are Cannabinoids?

This question is of enormous importance as it’s being asked quite a lot these days. Many of the known Cannabinoids have been gaining traction in the mainstream public through a phenomenon called the cannabis revolution. Briefly speaking, we can say that these are the chemical compounds that derive from the different species of the cannabis plant (and other places). Here, we talk about these chemical compounds in descriptive detail, and we also talk about the related things that are to these compounds.

What are cannabinoids – A guide

Cannabinoids are a set of chemical compounds that can be found in different places of the natural (and unnatural) ecosystem. These are interacting with varying cannabinoid receptors that the body of a living thing can have. Once attached to these different receptors, they impose other bodily functions like keeping the body in homeostasis and reducing anxiety and stress.

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Types of different cannabinoids:                                      

Three different types of cannabinoids exist in the natural (and sometimes in the unnatural) world. Here we talk a little about them, and how do they come to be.

Endocannabinoids:

These are the ones that are born in our bodies through the lipids that our neurons produce. Therefore, these are the endogenous cannabinoids that our bodies can make themselves. There a lot of things these can do for our bodies, for example, one of the more popular endocannabinoids called anandamide can act as a modulator knob for excessive production of dopamine and other neurotransmitters. Dopamine is the neurotransmitter that is associated with the feel-good feelings, and also the high one can get from a species of the cannabis plant like marijuana, and also is related to the effects of addiction.

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Phytocannabinoids:

These cannabinoids are the ones that stem from the plants like the cannabis plant. The word phytocannabinoids translate literally into plant-based cannabinoids. The most popular ones of these cannabinoids are called Cannabidiol (long for CBD), and Tetrahydrocannabinol (short form – THC).

CBD is famous worldwide; it is one of the phytocannabinoids that cannot make a person high. The one that can do that is THC. Yes, you heard that right. It is the case, and if you are feeling high, then it is very likely that this is the result of THC, not CBD. This is because THC indeed possesses some of the highest psychoactive properties.

Different species have different concentration of these chemical compounds in them, and also can be in similar amounts. Additionally, one of them can even be absent from either of the species. One will feel the effects if there are higher concentrations.

We can also find CBD in marijuana, which is popular in the cannabis community. It is good to avoid THC based products altogether and turn to CBD. A higher THC dose can, in accumulation, make someone high as a tower, and therefore risks drug test detection.

Synthetic cannabinoids:

These cannabinoids are made in the Petri dishes of the lab of the scientists, which essentially means that these are made artificially. These cannabinoids like the Spice and K2 should mimic the effects of endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids, and therefore, can be highly potent. Their high potency all makes these, highly toxic for human ingestion. These are mostly suitable for industrial applications. These industrial applications can be the likes of medicinal additives. You should never use these yourself because of their high potency, as scientists in lab environments scientifically and carefully use these in the medicines.

The Endocannabinoid System:             

Remember when we previously talked about different receptors of the body that adhere to a diverse range of cannabinoids. These receptors in other parts of the body or a human are called CB1 and CB2. CB1 can predominantly be found in the brain, while CB2 is mostly found in the peripheral nervous system. Together they make up the Endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for different bodily functions like keeping the body’s state in balance (Homeostasis). It is also a modulator system of the body (remember dopamine) and takes care of the endocrine duties while also looking after immune tissues.

Cannabinoids like the anandamide and THC interact with our bodies through this system. Anandamide, as mentioned before, acts as a modulator of sorts for the body and THC by binding to one of these receptors (CB1), can make us feel high. CBD, while one of the cannabinoids, does not interact with it.

The medical benefits of the cannabinoids:

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Final words on cannabinoids:

There are lots of various effects that come with the use of specific different kinds of cannabinoids. This can be a part of the sufficient answer for the question of what are cannabinoids?

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The research and discovery of Phytocannabinoids:            

All around the world, the phytocannabinoids are the more prevalent cannabinoids. This is why it makes sense that we also talk about their research and discovery. We also talk a little about the endocannabinoids and the synthetic cannabinoids.

There are 100s of cannabinoids that occur naturally in different species of the cannabis plant. One of the first phytocannabinoids were things such as THC, CBD, and something called Cannabinol (CBN – when a plant becomes aged THC becomes CBN). Many of these were found in the year 1988, around the same time when the endocannabinoid system was discovered in our body. This was when the scientists were trying to see how THC interacts within our bodies.

Gradually this has led to the discovery of how our endogenous system can interact with different types of cannabinoids. These can include all the types these chemicals found in the natural (and the unnatural) ecosystem. This way, they can discover the therapeutic potential of each cannabinoid. Additionally, this has also led to the research and development of synthetic cannabinoids that can copy their effects. These can be a mixture of two or are derived from one cannabinoid.

This research and discovery of these chemical compounds is still ongoing and is usually is peer-reviewed. With the popularity of many of them gaining traction, it is becoming increasingly challenging for the authorities to positively ignore these.

Final Words:

Now you know what are cannabinoids. We also talked about the effects of the cannabinoids, the different types of it, and the endocannabinoid system. We also briefly talk about how these interact with the endocannabinoid system. You will also find some pointers on the research and discovery of these chemical compounds. We hope you absorbed this knowledge and will make fair use of it.

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